11 Types of Homes (Architectural Styles)

The right kind of home will match your lifestyle and goals.

When it comes to choosing a new home, the options are as diverse as there are people. Which home structure or style fits your lifestyle best? If you know this before you start your home search, you can narrow down your options and tell your Realtor exactly what you are looking for.

Structure refers to the type of building, like a single-family home or a condo. Style refers to the architectural features and design, like Victorian or Craftsman.

This article will summarize eleven of the most common types of home styles available in Grey and Bruce counties.

High Victorian House Style Owen Sound Real Estate

High Victorian (1830-1900)

Named after Queen Victoria and typically two to three stories high, Victorians feature classical and gothic motifs, stained glass, heavy stone window and door lintels, ornate wooden accents, bay windows, small towers, steep gable roofs and brightly coloured facades. Even more ornate styles include Gothic Revival and Queen Anne.

Gothic Revival (1840-1870)

The Gothic Cottage variation of this style became very common in Ontario before 1950 as a way to avoid higher taxes. Inspired by the castles and cathedrals of the middle ages, Gothic Revival houses feature stone or brick facades and gabled roofs that are sharply peaked with ornate woodwork at the top. The windows are always slender and pointed, with an arched peak under a gable. There is often a second storey balcony above the entrance.

Gothic Revival Home Style Meaford Real Estate
Queen Anne House Style Owen Sound Real Estate

Queen Anne (1880-1910)

The Queen Anne style is irregular, ornate with many complex details, and often has a turret. These houses are 2+ storeys high, wide with an irregular façade, and have steep-pitched roofs with multiple rooflines and gables. They may have stained-glass windows and transoms, and an ornate front door with glass inserts.

Edwardian (1900-1920)

The simple, classical, and balanced Edwardian style is a precursor to other simplified styles of the 20th century. Featuring straight lines and square or rectangular shapes, this style has 2+ storeys, smooth brick siding with multiple windows, a hip and gable roof, a veranda, and an entrance with classic detailing.

Edwardian Style Home Owen Sound Real Estate
Prairie-Craftsman-Bungalow Home Style Grey Bruce Real Estate

Prairie/Craftsman/Bungalow (1900-1930)

Influenced by the Arts and Crafts movement, these styles have a horizontal and low emphasis. These houses feature a large dormer, 1 ½ to 2 storeys, natural materials (cobble, brick, tile wood), a large porch with chunky wood or masonry pillars, “stick” accents, a steeply-pitched roof, side-gable extends over a veranda, windows with sashes and panes, and a door made from natural wood.

English Cottage (1920-1930)

Inspired by the English cottages of the U.K., this style is quite common in Ontario. The trademarks include an asymmetrical, cross-cabled design with cedar shingles. The windows are elongated and narrow and often set in a diamond pattern and leaded glass. There are prominent stone chimneys, and a gabled entryway is common, typically with a heavy wooden door arched at the top. The inside offers plenty of wood and a number of unusually-shaped rooms.

English Cottage House Style Grey Bruce Real Estate
Victory Housing Style Owen Sound Real Estate

Victory Housing (1940-1960)

Simple, modest, and rectangular, Victory/Wartime houses are products of mass production after the war years, had prefabricated components, and were put together on-site. These houses are rectangular with side-hall and or centre-hall plans, usually 1½ storeys tall, often with a clapboard façade, a steeply-pitched gable roof, small sash windows, and a very simple entrance (central or off to the side).

Bungalow (1940-present)

Bungalows first appeared in Ontario in the early 1900s, but they started gaining their greatest popularity during the post­-war years of the late 1940s. Predominantly low-rise homes, they are a popular choice because they have fewer stairways and the primary living area and bedrooms are all on one floor.

Bungalows House Style Cobble Beach Real Estate
Side Split Bungalow Meaford Real Estate

Split level (1950-present)

Split-level homes emerged from ranch style bungalows and became popular in the 1950s and ’60s. Split-level homes are defined by their multiple floors connected by short flights of stairs. The main level typically contains the living areas, while the bedrooms are on a different level. Common split-levels styles include side splits and the back splits, which can include three or more levels of living area, depending on size. 

One and a Half Storey

The 1½ storey was most popular in the post-war era. These homes normally have about 60% of the total living area contained on the first floor. From a cost perspective, this is more cost-effective than a bungalow, giving more square footage on the same building footprint.

One and a Half Storey Home Style Kincardine Real Estate
Two Storey Home Style Lion's Head Real Estate

Two Storey

The two ­storey home is arguably the most popular home style in Ontario. This type offers a large living area on one level and a separate level for bedrooms. There are many variations available in terms of interior design, roof design and floor layouts.

The House

Explore the different components of the house.

The Foundation

Basements, Crawl Spaces, Slab on Grade and More...


The Septic System

Household waste water management...


Wells & Water

Drilled Well, Dug Well, Sandpoint Well...



Asphalt, Cedar Shank, Steel.  Pro's & Cons...



Let the light in, and keep the cold air out...



Hardwood, Stone, Vinyl, Tile, Carpet, Bamboo, Cork...


Solar Panels

 Free, clean, safe, and renewable energy...



Furnaces, heat pumps, in-floor radiant, geothermal, ...



Central Air, Ductless, Heat Pumps, Portable, ...



Vinyl, Fibre Cement, Aluminum, Brick, Stone, ...



Spray Foam, Rigid Foam, Fibreglass Batts, Blown, ...


Types of Homes

Condo, townhouse, semi-detached, detached, tiny...


Styles of Homes

Victorian, Edwardian, Victory, Bungalow, 1.5 Storey, 2 Storey...


Energy Efficiency

Insulation, caulking, windows, doors, weatherstripping, ...


Smart Homes

Control your appliances and devices from anywhere, ...



Flat, drop, tray, coffered, coved, sloped, vaulted, ...